This is a list of common fan terms and names used in the Hetalia: Axis Powers fandom. While some may have been inspired by the canonical manga and anime, others are complete fan invention.
A fan name given to a small anthropomorphic white mochi blob with glasses, drawn by Hidekaz Himaruya in a sketch. Most fanartists have added a "Nantucket hair" to the blob to make it further resemble America. Also referred to as (the) Amerimochi, Amochica or Mochimerica.
A name for the anthropomorphic mochi blob that resembles England (Britain in the FUNimation dub), that first appeared in fanarts drawn with Ameriblob. Also known as (the) Igirimochi or Mochirisu. Other blob representations of the nations exist in fanworks, though the blobs for England and America are the most commonly depicted.
Most of these terms are a combination of the word Chibi (little) with part of the nation's name at the end.
name used for the child version of Spain. Unlike most of the others, the second part of the name derives from oyabun, or "boss".
A name used for the child version of Japan (from Nihon, the Japanese name for their country).
Chibimano is a fan name occasionally used for the child version of South Italy, aka Romano. Alternatively, the names Chibiro and Chibiroma are used for him, or in rarer cases, South Chibitalia. But as the young Italy brothers are never referred to as "Chibitalias" together in strip, it is usually uncommon for Romano to be referred to as one (despite being Italy too).
In the anime adaptation and the third published volume, he is referred to as Chibiromano.
Four fan names used for the child version of America.
A name used for the child version of Austria (from Österreich, its German name).
In Studio DEEN's character design booklets, he is literally referred to by Chibiaustria.
A name used for the child version of Prussia (as a Teutonic Knight). The "pu" comes from the first syllable of Puroisen, the katakana rendering of Preußen (pronounced Preussen, the German name for Prussia).
Occasionally, Japanese fans will also make a pun on the "pu" part and refer to him as Chibiwinnie (for Winnie The Pooh).
The name used for the child version of England (from Igirisu, the Japanese name for the UK/Britain). It has actually appeared in at least one piece of artwork by Himaruya, in reference to the young England.
Due to the name having "risu" (squirrel) in it, it has become somewhat of a meme to depict young England with squirrel features in fanart.
The name used for the grouping of the child versions of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine. The second part is a shortening of Slavic. It is a name that Himaruya himself used to refer to them in a sketch that he drew of the three.
A name used for the child version of Switzerland (from Suisu, the Japanese pronunciation of Swiss). In Studio DEEN's model sheets, they opt for the usage of Chibiswitzerland.
A name differing from the usual chibi theme, this is used to refer to Germany as a child (and not necessarily the Holy Roman Empire, whose connection to Germany is ambiguous and a source of debate). It derives from the suffix "-ko" and the first two characters for Ludwig in katakana. However, Chibiruto is also used, but not as commonly as Koruto.
Aegaratt/Nirand Two humans name given to Thailand. The former mean "freedom" and the latter mean "everlasting".
Two names given to the character Ancient Egypt ("Mama Egypt") by fans, used in some fanfiction. The first derives from the name for the Roman province of Egypt, while the second comes from the Ancient Egyptian language's name for the country.
Six names given to Iceland. Aisu is Japanese for "ice", Ice comes from Iceland, Jökull mean "Glacier" in Icelandic, Erik and Egill are rather unpopular names given to him, and Emil is seen quite often. Himaruya proposed Emil or Erikur but he stopped making human names before he set one.
A nickname (and alternatively a human name) used for the character of Belgium. She has also been referred to with the name BellBell, Bell, or BelBel in some parts of the Japanese fandom, most notably on the art site Pixiv.
This nickname has also been used with Belarus, just much less frequently.
Belgium is also called by the name Riley in certain fandoms, it is a very unpopular fandom name.
A fanon name given to the fluffy chick found perched on Prussia's head during the 2009 April Fool event. Due to an translation error, some fans believe that when Prussia patted Gilbird, Gilbird transformed into Latvia. Prussia is shown to have more of the chicks in a later doodle.
The name 'Gilbird' derives from Prussia's human name, Gilbert Beilschmidt. It may be related to the fact that the bird resembles another bird callled Hibird in Katekyo Hitman Reborn, who sometimes sits on the head of Kyoya Hibari. The chick has retroactively appeared in the published version of Salted Salmon and the Counting Sheep CDs, which both take place during WWII. A bird used by Prussia in The War of Austrian Succession was also changed to this type of bird in the anime.
Two names used for Ancient Greece ("Mama Greece") in some fanworks. Translated, the first means "Greece". The second comes from the historical native name for the country.
A fanon name used for Hong Kong, in both the Japanese and international fandom. He is called this due to the name Kaoru meaning "fragrant"/"incense", while the name Hong Kong means "incense harbor" (or "fragrant harbor").
As Kaoru is a Japanese name and not Chinese, an alternative name used for him is Hong, a shortening of his nation name. Some artists also call him Kou. Chinese fans widely call him Horace Wang/Wong as well.
Himaruya´s potential names were: Wang Jia Long, Li Xiao Chun, and Leon (all listed potential names. No surname given to Leon.)
A fanon name coined for Ukraine, from a name for rocket artillery and the derivative of a Russian girls' name, Yekaterina. Some fans refer to her by a full name, Yekaterina "Katyusha" Braginskaya, though as there is no canon name given to her by Himaruya, it is simply a fanon name.
In Russian fandom, the most popular fanon name is Olga.
Himaruya did give her some potential names: Irunya Chernenko, Maria, and Sofia (all listed potential names. Chernenko was listed as a possible surname and officially given to the name Irunya. Irunya is a bit of a nickname, however, and her name would more accurately be Irina, although Iryna is considered the Ukrainian variant.)
A popular fanon name for the Netherlands. The name itself is actually Scandinavian, but was once popular in the Netherlands.
The names Jan, Tim, and Bart are also frequently used.
A nickname, and alternatively a fanon human name for the character of Liechtenstein. It derives from a shortening of her nation name, as well as that of the lily flower, which is sometimes considered its national flower.
A fanon name for Denmark, which was mistaken by many to be an actual name given to him by Hidekaz Himaruya after someone had added it to the Hetalia TVTropes character page. It was later found to be false, as by the time Denmark was created, Himaruya had stopped giving the characters human names.
Søren Andersen(Anderson is english/swedish) is also a very popular fanon name for him, though most laugh at it since "for Søren" is sometimes used as a mild kind of cuss in Norwegian and Danish.
A fanon term and conception (so far) for post-World War Two Prussia, most prevalent in fanworks where he survives the dissolution of his country and represents the eastern half of post-war Germany. It was coined in part due to Prussia often referring to his brother as "West"; Germany in reality was split in two only after WW II by the Allies (it had been, however, previously partitioned into 114 states after Napoleon's invasion, thanks to Prince Metternich's Treaty of Versailles).
In addition, in "Cleaning Prussia-san", Germany said that he had done things by himself since before Unification, implying Prussia wasn't around to assist him. In some character notes, it was also stated that Prussia lived with Russia after WW II, working unprofitable jobs and dreaming of Italy's house, where it was warm and sunny.
In this hypothetical incarnation, he is also referred to as simply GDR (German Democratic Republic, the formal name of East Germany) or GDR!Prussia. In canon, Prussia's exact status today is something that remains to be seen, though the 2009 April Fool's event on Kitayume and its related strips, he is still listed "Prussia".
(For more, please see: Rumors and Misconceptions: Post-WWII Status)
A designation for Prussia in his younger "Teutonic Knight" incarnation.
A fan nickname for Holy Roman Empire, taken from the Japanese rendering of his name, Shinsei Roma. It has also been used as a placeholder for his human name in fanworks. HRE is another name for Holy Roman Empire, it seriously means "Holy Roman Empire" by taking the first letter of each part of his name.
On other occasions, Ancient Rome is referred to by this, the "Roma" coming from Roma Antiqua.
"Roma" is also used by some of the fandom as Spain's way of refering to Romano/South Italy.
Nyotalia is a term used on Pixiv for the reverse gender counterparts of Hetalia characters. It comes from the words nyotaika (referring to male-to-female genderbends, from the word nyotai which means "girls' body") and Italia. Though the original Nyotalia characters were not meant to actually be genderbends, they are treated as such by some fans.
(For more info, please see: List of Gender Bender/Sex Change)
A nickname used for the female version of America, deriving from Amerika and the suffix "-ko". The "A" is sometimes left out, leaving her as Meriko (or Merika), or the name shortened to Rika or Meri. Japanese fans have coined the name Emily Jones for her, though Western fanworks call her '"Amelia"' and '"Abigail/Abby".. Both names are based off of prominent females in U.S. history (Amelia Earheart and Abigail Adams née Smith).
She can also be referred to as Nyomerika (from combining nyotai with America).
But other fans call her ALFREDICA (derived from Alfred's name adding 'ICA' for a female name)
Two names that are used to refer to the female version of Germany by, that derive from Doitsu and the suffix "-ko". The latter is a pun on the kanji for Germany (doku) as well as a pun on the term bokuko (a girl that speaks and acts like a boy). In some fanworks that use the human names, she is referred to as Luise or Aloisa. Japanese fandom uses the common version of the former name, Louise.
She is also referred to as Nyoitsu, most notably on her Pixiv tag.
A nickname for the female design of France. She is referred to by some fans as Marianne (after the female historical personification of the same name) or Francine. However, the name given to her by Japanese fans is Françoise Bonnefoy.
Igiko is the name used by Himaruya for his female design of England, that has become popular for fans to refer to her by as well. Translated, it means "Girl England".
She is also occasionally referred to with the names Eiko (from Eikoku, a Japanese term for the UK) or Nyoigi (nyotaika and Igirisu combined).
Igiko was given the human name Alice Kirkland by the Japanese fandom, though English fanworks sometimes refer to her as Elizabeth or Victoria.
A nickname for the female version of North Italy, derive from Itaria and the suffix "-ko".
Though fans in the Western fandom tend to use the names Felicia or Felice for her, the Japanese fandom has given her the name Daisy Vargas. Alternatively, in a straighter "genderbend" take, Daisy is sometimes used as her middle name, with Feliciana being the first name.
A nickname for the female version of Russia, derived from the suffix "-ko" and "Kol" (from Russia's chant Kolkolkol, in reference to the kolkhoz.) Japanese fandom has given her the human name Anya Braginskaya, although some western works refer to her as Ivanna. Other names also used are Inna and Irina.
In Chinese fandom, she is nicknamed Lucy.
Also sometimes referred to as "Roshiko", deriving from Roshia and the suffix "-ko".
A nickname used for the male version of Hungary. The Japanese fans of the series tend to refer to him as simply Gary or Gari, a shortened form of his nation name, or by the name Daniel Héderváry.
A name used for a fanon female version of Prussia. Her full name was given on Pixiv as Gilbert Maria Beilschmidt (or Maria Gilbert Beilschmidt), with "Maria" originating from St. Maria Order (short for Order of the Teutonic Knights of St. Mary's Hospital in Jerusalem), though Julchen Beilschmidt is also popular and seen often.
A nickname used for the female China, from nee-chan (older sister) and a reverse of a nickname used for her male counterpart (Nini, from nii-chan, older brother). Though Yao is a unisex name, the human name used for her in Japanese fanworks is Wang Chun-Yan.
Two names used by some of the Japanese fandom for the female Japan, from Nihon (or the kanji nichi) and the suffix "-ko".
Though Kiku is also a unisex name, fans that refer to her by a human name tend to use Sakura to differentiate her from her male counterpart. This name is widely in use in the Japanese fandom, and can be seen in Pixiv tags referencing her (Honda Sakura, Sakura Honda in Western order).
From nyotaika/nyotalia and Osutoria (Austria), used for fanon female versions of Austria.
From nyotaika mixed with oyabun ("boss"), a nickname for female Spain.
Due to the confusion between his surname and whether "Fernandez" or "Hernandez" would be the correct intended one by Himaruya, two fan-official names were devised for this female version in Japanese fandom:
- Isabel Fernandez Carriedo
- Carmen Hernandez Carriedo
Though there are some popular spanish names that can be used like: Claudia, Lucia, Maria, Rocio etc.
Two nicknames for the genderswapped Liechtenstein. The first comes from Rihiten (the shortening of his name in katakana) and the suffix "-kun", while the second comes from "-stein" and "-kun".
His human name in the Japanese fandom is alternatively Herr Noah Stein or Noah Zwingli.
The name used for the female version of Romano, who appeared in two official sketches. She is referred to with the human name Lovina by most fans, though others will call her Womano, Maria or Caterina.
In the Japanese fandom, the name Katarina Vargas (also rendered as Katherina, Catharina, Caterina, Catalina) is usually used for her. Laviana (or Rovina) Vargas is also occasionally seen.
In the official original sketch of her, Himaruya mistakenly used the filename "Romania", leading to brief confusion over whether the design was of female Romano or a Romania.
A nickname used for the female version of Canada, deriving from Canada and the suffix "-ko".
Some people have also referred to her as Maddie, or Madeline (partly as a reference to the book Madeline, which takes place in France).
She can also be referred to as Nyonada, from combining nyotai with Canada.
A term/nickname for a darker-themed version of Italy, when shown in more serious-themed fanworks. Occasionally called Mafiatalia, depending on the level of darkness/seriousness.
In fanart tags, the "Black" prefix is usually added to a character's name for art portraying them in a more dark light, or as a yandere. On Pixiv, such tags as "Black Matthew" (Canada), "Black Kiku" (Japan depicted in his original black uniform and as psychotic), "Black Boss" (Spain) also exist.
A nickname that first originated on a Pixiv tag (勃くん Bo-kun) for the obscure character Bulgaria. It seems to also be a pun of the term "Balkan", a nation group which the actual Bulgaria is classified under.
A nickname for Switzerland, originating from a strip where Japan imagines what he would be like as a pretty girl in the Alps. However, the correct spelling would actually be Vreneli (from the folk song of the same name), though due to problems in translating the name to Japanese and back, "Breneri" is the more common usage.
A nickname for Denmark. It's generally used by Norway, with "anko" being followed by uzai (うざい), which translates as "annoying anko". It first appeared in Denmark's trading card profile, in a quote by Norway.
Anko is a reference to Denmark's proclaiming of himself as the "big brother" of the Nordics in his strip appearance; it is a dialect of northern Japan for 'older brother.'
Anko can also mean 'red bean paste' in some languages, though it would be unknown why Norway would be calling Denmark a food item, so the most logical reason would be the one above.
Another nickname for Denmark. It is based off the Japanese pronunciation for Denmark (Denmaaku) plus -kun.
- Denmark -> Denmaaku -> Denmaakun -> Maakun, or Mark-kun
A nickname for England, first coined in the Japanese fandom from the Japanese word for the UK, Igirisu. It was also used in canon a few times, most notably in the strip titled Iggy-Iggy Annoyance.
Another nickname for England, as well as a term used to describe the thick eyebrows of both England and Sealand.
Australia and Hong Kong also have thick eyebrows, and according to notes by Himaruya, England's brothers (Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland) have them as well. Ireland is also said to have thick eyebrows, though theirs are even thicker and have a "different feel" to them.
A nickname used by Prussia, refering to the fact that sometimes Germany and Prussia are considered West Germany and East Germany.
Another nickname for Germany, derived from his human name "Ludwig".
A nickname that has been used in Fanfiction for Germany from time to time, usually by Germany getting called such by Prussia. They are both derived from his human name "Ludwig"
A nickname for Germany, due to his secret love for baking cakes; Kuchen means "cake" in German. The name took on a more literal meaning when fanart began to appear of Germany as a fairy (in SD form or not), often pictured with cake.
A version of Japan that appeared in an advertisement on Prussia's blog, in the April Fools' 2009 event on Kitayume. He is a parody of the voice synthesizer program Vocaloid and can only sing traditional songs. He quickly became a meme, and has appeared in various fanart on Pixiv and other places.
It has also become somewhat of a meme to depict the other Hetalia characters as Vocaloids, though Japan remains the most popular.
Another nickname used for Norway by fans from the short version of Norway (Noruweii) and adding -kun. Sometimes Finland may also refer to Norway by that name.
A nickname for Prussia, from the Japanese word for "pitiful".
A fan nickname for Prussia, derived from his human name Gilbert Beilschmidt. On sites like Pixiv, he is also referred to by fans and in fanart tags as GilGil.
Another nickname for Prussia, which comes from the first syllable of Puroisen. This name is often seen in the Japanese fandom (most notably 2ch), in which he is sometimes referred to as Winnie as well, as a pun on Winnie The Pooh.
A nickname used for Seychelles, derived from the name for the island (Sesel) in the Seychelles Creole language.
A nickname for Russia, derived from the Japanese pronounciation of Soviet Union.
Another nickname for Russia. It is the Russian diminutive of Ivan. The more popular diminuitive in the Russian fandom, though, is Vanechka.
A nickname (and occasionally a fanon human name) used for Taiwan, from the Chinese word for "little sister". On occasion, she is also simply referred to as Mei (or sometimes in the more proper form Mei Hua), which means "plum blossom" in Chinese, which is considered to be its national flower.
This comes from the kanji character "Wan" in Taiwan. A name coined for the Taiwan character, by Taiwanese fans of the series. Also widely used by Japanese fans. She is also referred to with the name Wan-chan.
A nickname for Cuba.
A nickname of Romano, merging "grandma" and "no" from Romano. It is used in artworks of Romano dressed up in his costume from Halloween 2011, as the grandmother in Little Red Riding Hood.
Note: Due to the excessive adding of Pixiv taglist terms to this list and article, it is advised that you use caution when editing or adding to it. Please consult the external link to the taglist for Pixiv usage if you wish to know all the tags for the site.
(For more info on the pairings below, please see: List of Axis Powers Hetalia Pairings)
These terms may be used as alternate for the Axis Powers term, or used for pairings of the characters involved:
- JIG: A term made up of the first letters of Japan, Italy, and Germany, also used to denote a threesome pairing or love triangle with the three characters in slash fanfiction and art.
- Roberto: The historical Italian name for the actual Axis Powers, also used by some parts of fandom. It combines the first syllables of Rome, Berlin, and Tokyo.
- AusHun / HunAus (Austria/Hungary) A canon pairing as they were married through the Austro-Hungarian Empire
- Dönertorte (Austria/Turkey or Turkey/Austria)
- Edelweiss (Austria/Switzerland): Based off of how both of their national flowers is Edelweiss.
- Water and Oil Pair (Austria/Prussia): Based off of how water and oil don't mix, much like how these two
characters cannot get along.
- Wurstorte (Austria/Germany): A combination of 'wurst' and 'torte' (German for cake)
- The Frying Pangle (Austria/Hungary/Prussia): Based of the sexual tensions between the three, and the on-going competition over Hungary.
- AmeCan/CanAme (America/Canada or Canada/America): See Americest.
- Japanada (Japan/Canada)
- AsaMatt/Maple Tea (England/Canada)
- Cubanada/CuCan (Cuba/Canada)
- Franada/FranCan/FruCan (France/Canada)
- Tulips (Canada/Netherlands) Based entirely on the history between the two countries, particularly Canada's aide to the Dutch royal family, which resulted in the yearly gift of ten thousand tulips (the Dutch national flower) from the Netherlands to Canada that continues to this day.
- PruCan/Pranada (Prussia/Canada)
- CanaRuss/RusCan (Canada/Russia) A merging of their names. Usually indicates Canada as the top and Russia as the bottom in sexual content.
- Swiss Maple Beer ( Switzerland/Canada/Prussia)
- KorCan/CanKor (South Korea/Canada)
- CanUkr (Canada/Ukraine) A Fanon pairing
- Romanada (Romano/Canada) A pairing based off the fact that France and Spain are best friends and causes Romano and Canada meeting as chibi's and/or because both of them are ignored.
England (UK) Pairings
- Angel Team/AsaFeli (England/Italy): Used due to the fact that both have appeared as angels at different points: A drunken England appeared in a strip as the Britannia Angel with magic powers, while Italy has appeared as an angel in Noto-sama 5 and in a chibi illustration.
- Fairy Pair (England/Norway): The term Fairy Pair is used due to the fact that both England and Norway can see magical creatures. England usually has a fairy while Norway has a troll/viking god around him. They both can perform magic, however, England is the only one who's shown that he can perform magic.
- AsaKiku (England/Japan): Comes from the first few syllables of England's human name (Arthur, or "Asa") in Japanese and Japan's human first name (Kiku). Asa also means "morning" and Kiku means "chrysanthemum" in English. So you get "Morning Chrysanthemum."
- JOKER or UKUS/USUK (England/America or America/England or, often noted as UK/US or US/UK): The first comes from the the first syllables of their human surnames, "Jones" (for "jo") and "Kirkland" (for "ker"). The second is a combination of the short terms of their full nation names. This is probably one of the most popular pairings in the fandom.
- IggyChu/Tea Pairing/Opium Pairing (England/China): Taken from their Japanese nations names, Igirisu and Chugoku.
- AsaSey/Tsundere Federation (England/Seychelles)
- Entente Cordiale/FrUK (France/England) The first one comes from the official treaty between France and England in 1904 meaning "Cordial Agreement", the second one derrives from the first letters in France and a combination of England's full nation name
- HKUK/UKHK (Hong Kong/England) Derived from the abbrevations of Hong Kong and England's full nation name.
- SPUK (Spain/UK)
- PRUK/Waterloo Pair (Prussia/England) Probably based on the multiple alliances with Prussia and England throughout history and the Teutonic Knights' connections with Britain.
- The WorldxEngland (Everyone/England) You'll most likely find that literally all the nations in the world have been at some point paired with England. Therefore, someone got the amazing idea to put all the pairings into one. Yes. This pairing does seriously exist.
- Frain/Best Lovers Pair (France/Spain)
- Frussia (France/Russia)
- FrUS/Food Lovers Pair/Guns & Roses (France/America)
- Bearded Brothers (France/Turkey)
- Élysée Pair (France/Germany): Derived from the Élysée Treaty, which marked the reconciliation between the two countries and the forming of a new alliance.
- Franada/FranCan/FruCan (France/Canada): Because France acted as Canada's parent for some period of time.
- FrUK/Frangleterre/Nice Dover (France/UK, aka England)
- The World x France A pairing based mostly on the fact that, throughout APH, France has hit on almost every country in existence.
General Trio/Grouping Terms
- Anko Family (Denmark, Norway, and Iceland): A term based on some history, at one point in history Iceland was in-fact part of the Danish monarchy until he (Iceland) became independent in 1944. Norway and Iceland are brothers and Denmark is seen as the older brother of the two.
- APH (Austria, Prussia, and Hungary): Stems from the first letter of each character, and the fact that it is also a very popular acronym for "Axis Powers: Hetalia"
- Asian Trio (China, Japan, and Korea): Since China, Japan, and Korea are all from Asia, this term is used when they are put together. This term sometimes may be used to describe their relationship as romantic or fraternal.
- Asia Family (China, Taiwan, Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea): Following the theory that China raised all the Asian countries, people often suggest that they're all one big family. Sometimes fans might include Vietnam, Thailand, or Macau in the family as well. Some argue this should be called East Asia Family, since the characters are mostly from the aforementioned area.
- Awesome Trio (America, Prussia, and Denmark): A term based on how these three characters often praise themselves as "awesome".
- Bad Brothers (England, Denmark, and Prussia): Also referred to as the "pitiful brothers", "pitiful trio", "FBN" or the "fail brothers", because of their failure at being older brothers and their tendency to drink a lot of alcohol. "FBN" originated from the Japanese word fubin' meaning "pitiful", with the vowels removed.
- Bad Boss Trio (Germany, Russia, and China): A grouping that comes from the fact that Hitler, Stalin, and Mao had killed the most people under their respective rules. A rare and controversial grouping, although somewhat inaccurate considering that Hitler was born in Austria.
- Bad Touch Trio (France, Prussia, and Spain): A popular term derived from their appearance in the War of Austrian Succession as allies. They have also alternatively been referred to as the Bad Friends Trio, Best Friends Trio, Bad Business Trio, Badass Trio, Bad Company Trio or the FAG Trio (because of their human names: Francis, Antonio, Gilbert). Although unfortunately, many people in the fandom like to call them "The Rapist (France), the Pervert (Prussia) and the Pedophile (Spain)" , the "Bad Friends Trio" or "Bad Touch Trio" (BFT or BTT) are not a bunch of criminals. Contrary to the popular belief, it must be noted France has never raped anybody. Prussia is shown to be quite awkward when it comes to sexual things (recall the episode where he nursed an injured and buxom Hungary), and he is not a pervert. As for Spain, it was merely indicated that he has a love for children, but this does not mean he wants to have sex with them.
- Bad Baby Trio (Canada, Germany, Southern Italy/Romano): A grouping of the Bad Touch Trio's dependents, as France was once in control of Canada, Prussia is Germany's older brother, and Spain was once in control of Southern Italy (Romano). It is believed that these three were close friends as children due to the fact that the Bad Touch Trio were allies in the past.
- Black Triangle (Russia, America, Japan) Originating from the Japanese fandom, the three are often grouped together as they are the most powerful nations. It is unknown what the name means.
- Dread Trio (Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia): Stems from the fact that these three are often depicted as full of dread and trembling (which the alternative name "Trembling Trio" is derived from as well). In fandoms, sometimes known as the "Baltic Threesome" or the "Dead Trio", in some case called the "Weak Trio."
- Drunk Karaoke Trio (England, Bulgaria, and Japan): Created solely by the fandom, not an official trio. Currently, they find themselves drinking together and laughing. They refuse to get drunk anywhere else other than a karaoke bar.
- FACE (France, America, Canada, and England): A grouping based on how France and England fought over America and Canada in the past. Some say it is mainly FrUK and AmeCan driven, but others think of it as a family. The name derives from the first letter of each nation, with a less popular variation being "CAFE".
- FRUKUS/Blond Trio (France, England, America): A newer term for the threesome of France, England and America; comically enough, it is pronounced exactly as it looks, similar to the word "fracas". Derived from the combination of FRUK, and USUK, it was created by fans who were tired of other fans fighting over who England should be paired with. While these countries are not the only ones in the series who are blond (like yellow blond, not including platinum blond), they are the most prominent blondies.
- Frying Pangle (Austria, Hungary, and Prussia): A term used to describe a love triangle or simple grouping of these three. It is a portmanteau of frying pan and triangle. Frying pan comes from the fact that Hungary always hits Prussia when the latter bothers Austria.
- Gender Confused Trio (Hungary, Italy and Poland) A very new term. Italy because he used to wear a dress, Hungary because she thought she was a boy as a child and Poland because he cross-dresses.
- Germancest (Germany, Prussia, sometimes others): Describes the incestuous fanon pairing of Germany and Prussia, and fanworks relating to it. In rarer instances, this can also include Austria, Holy Roman Empire, and other characters of Germanic origin.
- German Potato Sandwich (Germany, Austria, and Prussia): Used to refer to a grouping of these three. North Italy is sometimes substituted for Austria.
- Girly Man Trio (Poland, Finland, and Italy): The three girliest men in the series. Italy because he used to wear a dress and be mistaken for a girl as Chibitalia, Poland because he talks in a valley girl accent and loves pink, and Finland because he's Sweden's "wife."
- Hanatama Family (Sweden, Finland, and Sealand): A nickname for this grouping, though rarely in romantic situations. Usually used to describe the three as a family, and derived from Hanatamago's name.
- Honda's Bodyguards (Japan, Greece, and Turkey): Used for these three, due to the fact that both characters of Greece and Turkey are linked with Japan.
- House of Habsburg (Austria, Hungary, and Spain): The name is based off the historical House of Habsburg, which until the early 20th century ruled in these countries. The alternative spelling Hapsburg is also used.
- House of Savoy (France, North and South Italy, and Spain): Based off the historical House Of Savoy, which included all or parts of these countries.
- Invisible Trio (Sealand, Canada, and Seychelles): The three are often ignored.
- Kievan Rus Family (Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine): The fandom's designation for this canonical grouping.
- Kirkland Family (England, Sealand, America, Canada, and Hong Kong): A term used to describe these characters as a sort of family, as England once had control over them as colonies at various points in history (Sealand was built by the UK during WWII as one of its Maunsell forts). The group can also include Australia and/or New Zealand, as well as England's older brothers (who are a part of the UK with him).
- Ninja Trio (America, Turkey, and Sealand): Not a very well-known trio. From Hetaween 2013. America is the Ninja of Justice, Ninja Blue. He shrouds himself in the blue lightning of justice and tears through everything. Turkey is Ninja Black. He recklessly extends battles. Finally, Sealand is Ninja Gold. In short, he's really strong. Japan is the Great Founder of Ninja.
- Otaku Trio (Japan, France and America): These are the three largest consumers of manga in the world: 1st Japan, 2nd France and 3rd America.
- Ottoman Family (Hungary, Greece, and Turkey): Stems from the fact that both Greece and Hungary were under the control of Turkey (as the Ottoman Empire) for a period of time in their lives. The grouping can also include Bulgaria.
- Sun Trio (England, Japan, and Spain): Spain was known as 'The Empire on which the sun never sets,' with England taking this title later on, and Japan is known as 'The Land of the Rising Sun.'
- Tea Party Trio/Red Tea Trio (America, England and China) The name is a nod to the Boston Tea Party, as well as the association of tea when it comes to England and China. The name 'Red Tea Trio' is commonly used in Japan.
- Tomato Gang/Tomato Trio (Spain, South Italy/Romano, and Belgium): Though it usually refers to these three characters, the Netherlands and Cuba are sometimes included due to also having been under Spanish rule. North Italy is also sometimes substituted for Belgium.
- Magic Trio (England, Norway and Romania): The three markedly possess supernatural powers compared to the other nations, such as England's ability to see spirits and fairies.
- Unnoticed Trio (Canada, Prussia, and Sealand): The name was coined due to the fact that these three characters are mostly either unnoticed or ignored.
- PIG (Prussia, Italy, and Germany) Refers to a threesome of the two German brothers and Italy, derived from the first letters of their names: Prussia, Italy, Germany.
- Polite Quartet (Canada, Japan, England, Finland) Refers to the Polite ones of Hetalia in different ways; compulsive politeness (Canada), cultural politeness (Japan), gentlemanly politeness (England) and frightened politeness (Finland).
- Stray Trio (England, Japan and America): The Japanese fandom uses the word "hagure" which means "stray" in English. It is used to refer to them platonically or sexually. It is said that they received a name due to being historically and canonically alone, but they might have been grouped like this because it is stated that England and Japan are the only friends America has, or rather the only ones who can actually tolerate him. It can be assumed that this may be applied to England too. And though Japan has been shown to have more friends, he enjoys spending time with England and has spent a good amount of time with America as they are shown in various strips together.
A portmanteau of Germany and Italia (Italy), used for the pairing Germany/Italy.
A term used for the pairing of Greece/Japan. It is based off the beginning letters of the Japanese pronounciation of Greece (Girisha) and the last few letters of Japan.
A term used to describe Estonia and Finland, both romantically and friendship-wise. The term originated on Pixiv (ウラル組) and seems to refer to the fact that they both speak an Uralic language instead of Indo-European.
- Friendship Day (Poland/Hungary): Referring to the 23rd of March, which is the official Polish-Hungarian/Hungarian-Polish friendship day in both countries, commemorating the over a thousand year old friendship between the two countries. This friendship thus far has not been mentioned in the actual manga, other than Hungary greeting Poland as "Po-chan" in a strip and a brief reference in their volume 3 profiles.
Italycest / Itacest / Italiacest
In the Japanese fandom, the term Curly Brothers (くるん兄弟 Kurun Kyoudai ) is sometimes used to refer to the pairing, most notably as a tag on Pixiv. They are also referred to jokingly as the Macaroni Brothers, based off of a title that England gave them in the strip Can't Escape From Italy.
(South) Korea Pairings
- Kimchi Burger (America/Korea) Also referred to as AmerKo.
- KoHo/Fragrant Kimchi (Korea/Hong Kong)
- Kimchi Bun (Korea/China)
- Kimchi Bowl (Korea/Japan)
- KorCan/CanKor (Korea/Canada)
- KorBel (Korea/Belarus)
A term used for the pairing of Lithuania/Poland, based off of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
A term used for the pairing of Lithuania/Belarus, based off of the historical name for the short union between the two nations (Litbel). Also known as LietBel.
- DenNor/NorDen (Denmark/Norway)
- DenIce (Denmark/Iceland)
- NorIce (Norway/Iceland): Onii-chan Shock is also used to refer to it by in Japanese fandom.
- Nordic Five: Used to refer to the five Nordic characters as a group.
- SweDen/SuDen/DenSu/DeSu (Sweden/Denmark, or Denmark/Sweden): The "su" comes from the Japanese spelling of Sweden, and the second term is often used as a pun on the word desu.
- SuFin (Sweden/Finland): Some say for this pairing to be cannon, and Himaruya seems to be hinting at that.
- SuNor (Sweden/Norway)
- FinDen/DenFin (Finland/Denmark or Denmark/Finland)
- NorFin (Norway/Finland)
- HongIce (Hong Kong/Iceland) Not keeping within the Nordic 5, but still a pairing for one country in the group.
- FrostBite (Romania/Iceland) A rare and newer pairing, again not keeping within the Nordic 5, but based on the fact that they may have met at some point or the other due to Romania's connection to Norway and Norway being Iceland's brother.
- (P)Russia/RusPrus/pRussia/PRussia (Prussia/Russia). Sometimes referred to as Snow Rabbit due to Russia living in a cold climate and Prussia's colour scheme (which leads some to think he has albinism). Can also be seen referred to as Komradeship.
- PruHun (Prussia/Hungary).
- PruCan/Pranada/Maple Beer (Prussia/Canada)
- Germancest (Prussia/Germany)
- PrUK (Prussia/England)
- Prumano (Prussia/Romano)
- Prustria/PrusAus/PruAus (Prussia/Austria)
- Prutalia/PruIta (Prussia/North Italy)
- PrusPol (Prussia/Poland)
- Swiss Maple Beer (Switzerland/Canada/Prussia)
- PruLiet (Prussia/Lithuania)
- PrUs/PruAme (Prussia/America): Some depict this pairing during the American Revolution, where in real life, Prussian soldiers assisted some Revolutionary forces in training.
- PruLiecht (Prussia/Liechtenstein)
- PruPan (Prussia/Japan): Sometimes called The Lonely Duo/Union, they are often paired because of their tendency to be left out of things Axis-wise.
- PruSpa/SpaPru (Prussia/Spain)
- PruFra/FraPru (Prussia/France)
Romano (South Italy) Pairings
- Engamano/Tsundere Bros/AsaRovi (England/Romano)
- Spero/Sparo/Spamano/Spomano/Spam (Spain/Romano)
- RomaBell/Henchmen Duo (Romano/Belgium)
- USLov/AmAno/Romerica (America/Romano)
- RomAnce/Framano (France/Romano)
- Germano/GerSita/GerRom (Germany/Romano)
- Prumano/PruRoma (Prussia/Romano)
- Rochu/Ruchi (Russia/China). The "Ro" and "Chu" refer to the countries' Japanese names, Roshia and Chuugoku. Sometimes the pairing is called "YaoI", from their human names Yao and Ivan." This less common term is somewhat tongue-in-cheek as "Yaoi" is also the umbrella term for works depicting homosexual male pairings.
- RussLiet (Russia/Lithuania). Sometimes referred to as Russet, derived from Russia and Liet as well as the shade of red, indicating blood and thus a darker tone to the pairing. Sunflower Love can be used as a lighter take on the pairing.
- RusFin (Russia/Finland): Finland was once a part of Imperial Russia as the "Grand Duchy of Finland" until its indpendence on 6 December 1917. This period was inderctly referred to in the "Together with Su-san" strip.
- RusCan (Russia/Canada): An alternative combiation of the names of the Russia/Canada pairing, with Russia as the dominant partner.
- RusAme(Russia/America): Also referred to as Cold War pairing and Russiamerica. Waiting for Spring Is also a popular tag for this pairing on Pixiv.
- RusLat (Russia/Latvia): A name sometimes given by the fandom to refer to this pairing.
- RusJap (Russia/Japan).
- RusNor (Russia/Norway)
- RusPru (Russia/Prussia): see above under "Prussia parirings" for other names and variations.
- RusGer (Russia/Germany): not commonly found without any hint to rape but there is some hints from fandom that both will be a good combination since both Russia and Germany are the strongest in a sense in Europe. (Can also include American to make a threesome)
- Spero/Sparo/Spamano/Spomano/Spam (Spain/Romano)
- SpaBel/Orange Waffle (Spain/Belgium)
- Nanban Trade (Spain/Japan): the name is based on what the Japanese called Europeans (Spain and Portugal in particular) when they began trade relations in the 16th century. Literally translated as "Southern Barbarians", as the ships appeared to arrive from due south and the fact that the Japanese considered Europeans to be less refined than them by virtue of their alien culture.
- Othello Pair/HolSpa/SpaHol (The Netherlands/Spain): The Netherlands more often than not is (as in canon) shown to despise his former coloniser.
- SPUK (Spain/England): Sometimes shown to be rivals, especially when in Pirate! mode.
The Original Thirteen
A term used to describe the first Thirteen states.
- Hetastuck: A name that fans of mainly both Axis Powers Hetalia and a popular webcomic, Homestuck by Andrew Hussie use to describe themselves.
- Pastamon/Hetamon A name for the crossover of Hetalia and Pokémon. Coming from Italy's love of pasta. Or simply Heta from Hetalia. Sometimes called Poketalia.
- (In)complete Pixiv taglist For tags and terms that can be found on Pixiv.